Much like every clutch on every car requires a different touch, every cut of beef also requires unique handling. Actually, it’s not much like that, but metaphors for prepping beef cuts are hard to come by.
The fact is, though, that not every cut of beef should be dealt with in the same manner.
In this article, we’ll look at the tri-tip, a truly wonderful cut of beef, with the main point of discussion being how to cut tri tip to maximize tenderness in every bite.
What is a tri-tip? We’ll cover that.
For best results on the plate, it’s important to slice it correctly. We’ll cover that too.
You shouldn’t just take the knife to it willy-nilly, and we’ll tell you why. We’ll walk you through it, step by step.
You don’t want to mess up a delicious piece of meat that you paid decent money for, so pay attention and learn what can happen when you “tri” your best.
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What is a Tri-tip?
A tri-tip is a roast cut from the bottom of the Sirloin primal of the beef. (If you want to know more about beef cuts, we’ve got a complete guide for you here.)
It’s almost triangular, hence the name, but has kind of a hook on one end. It’s kind of a fat, lop-sided crescent. There’s one on each carcass half, and they usually weigh between 1.5 – 2.5 pounds.
Once upon a time, it was commonly ground up into hamburger meat because, though flavorful, it was thought to be a bit tough for anything but roasting. There’s a lot of fat in this cut, and while fat equals flavor, it can also equal a rubbery texture if overcooked.
You may find it at your grocer’s meat counter under other names, perhaps labeled as a “Triangle Roast,” “Bottom Sirloin Roast,” or, possibly, a “Santa Maria Steak.” (According to legend, the tri-tip was “discovered” by a Safeway butcher in Santa Maria, California.)
Why Should I Cut It a Certain Way?
The beauty of the tri-tip is it can be cut down into small, tasty slices. They’re a bit like little steaks, and the cost is favorable compared to the traditional steak cuts.
The problem is if you don’t cut the roast the right way, you could be left with tough steaks that are more trouble to chew than they’re worth.
But cut a tri tip correctly – across the grain and not with it – you will end up with tender, flavorful mouthfuls that can stand up against much more high end cuts when it comes to the enjoyment of eating.
Understanding the Grain
The trick to cutting a tri-tip is knowing how the grain runs through the muscle. Though it may seem counter-intuitive, you always want to cut across the grain for ease of slicing and especially chewing.
There are two different grain directions on a tri-tip steak, and they intersect somewhere near the top point. Once you know how the grains run, slicing it becomes a piece of cake… or steak.
If you position your tri-tip on a cutting board with the “top” point of the cut towards you, the shorter side of the triangle has a vertical grain. Draw an imaginary line down from near the top point that bisects the cut, and everything on the long side of that line has an angled grain.
You might be having difficulty picturing what I’m talking about, so have a look at this very helpful video to see where the grain runs, and where to cut.
Cut it Raw or Cut it Cooked?
You could do it either way, but the consensus is it’s easier to cut a after it’s been cooked.
Also, maintaining the integrity of the cut during cooking will hold the moisture inside, so your “steaks” will be much juicier than if you pre-sliced them and grilled them individually.
How you cook it is up to you, but we recommend roasting over indirect heat or searing over direct heat and then moving to a cooler temperature zone.
Tri-tip is commonly marinated to keep it moist.
Step-by-step Instructions for How to Cut Tri Tip
- If there is a fat cap, carefully trim it off (not shown in the video).
- Lay the roast on a cutting board with the top point closest to you.
- Cut the roast in half from the top point along the large seam of fat to the opposite side.
- Take the long half of the divided roast and rotate it about 30° towards yourself.
- Starting from the uncut end, begin cutting slices across the grain. (Approximately perpendicular to the dividing cut.)
- Cut thin slices until the side is complete.
- The remaining section has the top Turn the meat until the point is pointing to your left (or right, depending on your handedness).
- Cut perpendicular to the sliced end, cutting against the grain.
- Cut thin slices until the final section is complete.
Taking a few moments to analyze the grain of the tri-tip before you cook it, and again when it’s done, will help you to assess the grain, and pre-determine your cuts.
How thick those cuts are depends on how you want to serve your tri-tip steak. A ¼- to ½-inch cut makes a nice little steak, but you could also go thinner for sandwich meat.
Now you know what you’ll be up against, we hope you’ll approach your next (or first!) juicy tri-tip with confidence. It’s a beautiful cut of beef that looks awesome on a grill and impresses on the plate – and the palate.
We’d love to hear about your tri-tip experiences, whether you just cooked your first or your thirty-first. What did, or did not, work for you? We’re in this together, so share your knowledge!
If you have any questions or comments on this, or any other article, we’re all ears. Let us know what’s on your mind in the comment section below – every bit of feedback helps us help you better.
Thanks for reading, and happy grilling to you all!