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Prime Rib vs Ribeye — What’s the Difference?

Prime rib and ribeye may look similar, but they are different cuts that should be treated and cooked differently. But how do they differ? When would you choose one over the other? Why do we have to cook them differently? We answer all your questions below.

Mark Jenner profile picture
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Last Updated: January 16, 2024

A raw prime rib and a raw bone in ribeye, side by side in two separate photos.

In this article, we will take a close look at two cuts that are commonly confused, and look at the similarities and differences in our face off of Prime Rib vs Ribeye.

Your word of the day is, “nomenclature.” It’s a big, fancy word that essentially means, “big, fancy words.” The specific words related to a topic are its nomenclature.

So, for beef fans, nomenclature would include tenderloin, short rib, and brisket.

There are so many names to keep straight, that it can be a bit intimidating. Even knowing the names might not always leave you confident which cut is which, or which one you want to take home for your grill.

When it comes to prime rib and ribeye, the names are similar, but the cuts are quite distinct. So today we will locate them on the carcass, see how they differ, discuss the correct ways to cook them, and the situations in which you might serve each cut.

This is sure to be a tasty article, so let’s get started!

Where Do Prime Rib and Ribeye Come From?

 Diagram showing the rib primal on a .

As we’ve already established, these are both beef cuts.

The word ‘rib’ is in both names, and that’s our clue that they both come from the Rib primal of the cow. (For more on primal cuts, check out our complete guide to every cut of beef and how to cook them.)

Prime rib and ribeye are both cut from the back ribs, further adding to the confusion.

Note: For a comprehensive look at all beef cuts and where they come from, head over to our cuts of beef chart and diagram.

What Is Prime Rib?

Prime rib on a chopping board with a few sprigs of fresh rosem.

Prime rib is cut from the Rib Roast after the roast is cooked. The roast comes either bone-in or boneless, but many people prefer the bone-in for added flavor.

Once the Rib Roast is cooked, it can be sliced and served. This is the typical Prime Rib found at a restaurant carving station.

Prime rib can also be served as a steak. The bone is still attached to the steak, typically all the way to one side of the cut, making it easy to remove or cut around.

A Note on the Term “Prime”

Just because it’s called “Prime rib,” that doesn’t mean it’s a prime cut. Confused?

If you live in the United States, you’re probably aware that the USDA grades meat. ‘Prime’ is the designation given to the very best cuts. So, a prime rib doesn’t necessarily have a prime rating.

Remember when you pick up a pack of ‘prime rib,’ you still need to check for the USDA grading to know the quality. (You could, in fact, have prime prime rib from the rib primal. Did no one think this through ahead of time?)

Prime Rib from Snake River Farms and Crowd Cow
Prime rib on a chopping board with a few sprigs of fresh rosemary.

Between Crowd Cow and Snake River Farms, you can buy either pasture-raised; 100% grass-fed; Pureblood wagyu; Wagyu cross; American Wagyu Black grade; American Wagyu Gold grade; or Japanese A5 Wagyu.

From economically priced to premium products at a premium price, they have something for everyone between them.

What Is Ribeye?

A bone-in ribeye cowboy steak on a dark surface with red pepperco.

‘Ribeye’ is actually a bit of a misnomer as used by the majority of people.

What I mean is, almost everybody that mentions ribeye is referring to a rib-eye steak, when the ribeye is in fact a cut of its own.

Ribeye steak is made up of 3 different muscles:

  • Longissimus Dorsi — The actual ‘eye’ of the ribeye. This is the center of the cut, a well-marbled, circular-shaped cut surrounded by fat and two other muscles that make up the rib steak.
  • Spinalis — The ribeye cap or the ‘rib crown.’ This is a muscle connected to but separated from the eye (the longissimus dorsi) by a layer of fat.
  • Complexus — This is a small 3rd muscle that is attached to the ‘eye’, the longissimus dorsi, and makes up the 3rd muscle seen on a rib-eye steak.

So the actual ‘ribeye,’ or ‘eye of the rib’ is just the central part of what makes up a rib steak. However, pretty much everybody means the ‘rib-eye steak’, comprising all three muscles when they use the term ribeye.

OK, getting back on topic: The rib steak and ribeye are pretty much the same meat as prime rib, but cut differently.

The ribeye comes from the primal section named the beef rib, from the exact same areas the rib roast that becomes the prime rib. In fact, the rib steak and ribeye are sub-parts, they are cut from the rib roast (or prime rib).

A rib steak is cut from the rib roast at the top of the rib primal. Cut from the rib roast. It will then have the fat cap removed and be trimmed and tidied up. Rib steak can be bone-in or boneless.

A TRUE rib eye will be just the ‘eye’ of the meat, the longissimus dorsi muscle alone, with all surrounding muscles and fat removed.

Commonly, people will use the term ‘ribeye’ to mean the rib steak with the bone removed, and consists of the 3 muscles described above, not the actual separate ‘eye of the rib.’ The tomahawk steak cut, and the cowboy steak, are simply rib steaks with the bone left in.

Clear? I apologize the explanation is a bit messy, but hopefully that explains it somewhat. Anyhow, like prime rib, ribeye might be cooked and served as a roast, or cooked and cut into steaks.

A ribeye steak is tender, and easy to cut, widely regarded as one of the best cuts of steak, and may be very large; ribeyes can top 20 oz. A ribeye roast is also very juicy and is excellent for carving off smaller pieces.

Ribeye Steaks from Crowd Cow, Snake River Farms and Porter Road
Two prime ribeye steaks on a dark surface.

Boneless or bone-in, grain-fed or grass-fed, pureblood wagyu or wagyu cross — Between the three online meat delivery services linked below, you will be able to find some of the very best ribeye steaks at all price ranges, to suit all tastes and budgets.

Prime Rib Vs Ribeye: Why Choose One Over the Other?

If they’re essentially the same cut, what should be the deciding factor when it’s time to go shopping? There are a few factors to consider:

  1. Cost — Prime rib steak often cost more than ribeye steaks because they have a bit more meat on them. Boneless roasts will almost always cost more than bone-in roasts, too.
  2. The love of steak — If you or your guests are steak junkies, you might want to go with the ribeye. Specifically, try and find rib eye cap steaks, thought by many to be the ultimate steak cut.
  3. Time — this is more about steak roast, but since prime rib steaks aren’t usually cut from the roast before buying, it’s important. If you don’t have time to cook a whole roast and then cut off your prime rib steaks, buy the ribeye steaks (much easier to find) and direct grill them in minutes.

The Basics of Cooking Prime Rib and Ribeye

If you have an entire rib roast on your hands, then you’ll want to use a grill set up for indirect cooking and roast it on your barbecue. Of course, if you have a smoker with the capacity to handle a big cut (as much as 16” long), that’s a great way to go, too.

A full roast is great for serving a crowd, especially when the individuals in that crowd have their own ideas about how well done meat should be. Different parts of a roast will be done differently due to varying thickness. Carve off the piece that looks the right color to your guest.

For either prime rib steaks or ribeye steaks, direct grilling and searing followed by bringing slowly up to perfect temp is the ONLY way to grill, as far as I’m concerned. Just a few minutes on each side (time will depend on thickness) will be sufficient to perfect a sear, then cook indirect to bring up to a perfect medium rare, which is as far as you want to take either of these steaks.

Check out this guide for more details on how long to grill a steak. We also have a guide on how to grill a frozen steak for those occasions when you don’t have time to defrost before grilling, and a guide on how to defrost your steak for when you do.

Past My Prime

That’s it, we’re done here. Hands up whoever’s hungry!

You really can’t go wrong with these delicious cuts, but we hope we’ve clarified the differences for you, and given you some ideas for making a fantastic meal out of either of them. These are high-end cuts, and worth taking the time to understand and prepare properly.

If you have any comments or would like to ask questions or share your tips with us — we love to hear from our readers. Even your corrections and criticisms are welcome; we can learn, too! Together, we can all become better grillers.

Thanks for reading. See you by the ‘cue!

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Mark Jenner profile picture

Written By: Mark Jenner

I'm a BBQ fanatic and have been barbecuing and grilling since 2005. I founded FoodFireFriends in 2017 and have extensively written for the site since.

I love cooking outdoors over live fire and smoke whatever the weather, and I currently own over 30 grills and smokers of all varieties that I frequently cook on to produce epic food.

My goal with this site is to help as many people as possible enjoy and be good at doing the same.

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  1. What about dry aging. I find more flavor in the prime rib after about 28-35 days of dry aging. I believe that also depends on what the cow was eating. An article on aging these two cuts would be an interesting read

    1. Avatar for Mark Jenner Mark Jenner says:

      Hi Marko.

      Huge fan of dry aging over here, and purposely seek out 28 day aged or more beef whenever I buy it. The improvement in taste after dry aging is incredible, and I highly recommend it.

      I’m actually in the process of editing an article on dry aging as we speak, so will post that probably tomorrow and will drop a link to it here when done.

  2. Nice article, thank you! I am a rib eye fan too. I also dry age my roast at home about 2 weeks before I roast it, it’s pretty dry by then and the fridge get a bit funky smell to it.

    1. Avatar for Mark Jenner Mark Jenner says:

      Hi Patty.

      You dry age yourself at home? Love that! I’ve not done it myself yet, but it’s definitely something I plan to get involved with this coming year (2020).

  3. Avatar for Rickie Rittenberry Rickie Rittenberry says:

    Graut Notlage on meat

    1. Avatar for Mark Jenner Mark Jenner says:

      Sorry, Rickie, but what does this mean?

  4. Hi Mark, I’m Mark. Where are you on social media? I’d like to read more articles.

    1. Avatar for Mark Jenner Mark Jenner says:

      Lol … Hi Mark! Social links are in the footer (not very active at the moment, though!)

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